Kano State
(The heart of Northern Nigeria)

 

 

 

It is the trade and shipping centre for an agricultural region where cotton, cattle, and about half of Nigeria's groundnuts are raised. Kano is the major industrial centre of N Nigeria; peanut flour and oil, cotton textiles, steel furniture, processed meat, concrete blocks, shoes, and soap are the chief manufactures. The city has long been known for its leatherwork; its tanned goatskins were sent (from about 15th cent.) to N Africa and were known in Europe as Morocco leather. One of the seven Hausa city-states, Kano's written history dates back to A.D. 999, when the city was already several hundred years old. It was a cultural, handicraft, and commercial centre, with wide trade contacts in W and N Africa. 

In the early 16th century Kano accepted Islam. The city reached the height of its power in the 17th and 18th cent. In 1809 it was conquered by the Fulani, but it soon regained its leading commercial position. In 1903 a British force captured the city. In Kano are Abdullahi Bayero College (1960; part of Ahmadu Bello Univ., Zari); Gidan Makama Museum, with examples of local art; and the palace of the emir, the former ruler of the Kano city-state.


Some Cultural Events & Festivals In Kano:

 

S/No

Festivals

Towns / Villages

Period

1

Darnbe

Boxing

All over Kane State

Oct Dec

2

Hawan Kaho

Bull Fighting

All over Kano State

Sallah eves

3

Shanci

Show of bravery, using sharp rounded objects on one another

Sumaila and Gwarzo

After harvest

(October - January)

4

Durbar

Colorful horse parade

Participants from all Local Governments.

SaIIah / Special days

5

Sharo

A local Fulani canning / whipping competition

All over Kano State

October - December

6

Eid-el- Kablr

Religious Festival

All over Kano State

Last quarter of Islamic calendar

7

Takutaha / Maulud

Celebration of the birth of Prophet Muhammad (SAW)

All over Kano State

Third month of Islamic calendar

8

Tashe

house-to-House comedy shows mainly performed by children

All over Kano State

From the Tenth day of Ramadan

9

Kokawa

Local wrestling

All over Kano State

After Harvest (October-January)

I0

Wasan Makera

Fire plays by local blacksmiths

All over Kano State

After Harvest (October-January)

11

Shankabewa / Bori

Invocation of temporary procession by spirits

Kumbotso

After Harvest

(October-January)

12

Wasan Tauri

Show of invincibility through the use of knives/other sharp objects on the self

Kura, Municipal and Garun Malam

After Harvest

(October-January)

13

Ed-el-Fitr

(Sallah)

Religious Festival

All over Kano State

After the Ramadan Festivity

14

Karoso

Traditional Fulani musical concert involving dancing, singing etc.

Metropolitan Kano

On request